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ERIC Number: EJ1099612
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Affirmative Action, the Academy and Compromised Standards: Does Affirmative Action Lower Standards in University Hiring, Tenure and Promotion?
Hanks, Lawrence J.; Sullivan, Jas; Spencer, Sara B.; Rogers, Elgin
Forum on Public Policy Online, v2008 n2 Sum 2008
The literature opposed to affirmative action in hiring, granting tenure and promotion in the university claims that it lowers standards. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that in the decades prior to the institutionalization of affirmative action in the Academy, hiring, tenure and promotion standards were quite lax--resembling an "old boys network." With the advent of affirmative action and the access of the academic market to candidates of both genders and diverse racial groups, came an institutionalization of specified--and therefore higher--standards for hiring and tenure of faculty. Thus, affirmative action has not had a negative impact on standards; ironically, it has led to the creation of standards. Therefore, because of affirmative action, all candidates today (even those that directly benefit from affirmative action) meet higher standards for hiring and assigning tenure than existed in the pre-affirmative action period. The purpose of this study is to test that hypothesis using email surveys of Emeriti faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences at a large Midwestern University.
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Personnel Selection, Tenure, Promotion (Occupational), Standards, Hypothesis Testing, Civil Rights Legislation, Federal Legislation, Teacher Surveys, College Faculty, Teacher Attitudes, Educational Trends, Universities, Misconceptions
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964