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ERIC Number: EJ1099527
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2159-2020
Emotion Regulation Strategies in European American and Hong Kong Chinese Middle School Children
Wan, Kayan Phoebe; Savina, Elena
Contemporary School Psychology, v20 n2 p152-159 Jun 2016
This study explored emotion regulation strategies in middle school European American (N = 54) and Hong Kong Chinese (N = 89) children. Children were presented with scenarios describing a fictitious girl/boy who encountered situations eliciting sadness, anger, and fear. Based on Gross' theory (1998), the survey of emotion regulation strategies was designed to study children's perceived effectiveness of emotion regulation strategies including deep breathing, positive distraction, situation avoidance, talking to someone, and experiential suppression. The results revealed that some strategies were universal across the two cultures and some were culture-specific. Both American and Chinese children considered situation avoidance the most effective in dealing with anger. They preferred to talk to somebody more when dealing with anger and sadness than with fear. American children considered deep breathing the most effective for anger; for Chinese children, it was the most effective for dealing with anger and fear. Regardless of emotion-eliciting situations, American children scored higher on positive distraction and talking to someone strategies. This study also investigated children's explanations of the effectiveness of emotion regulation strategies.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A