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ERIC Number: EJ1099410
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1559-663X
SWELL: A Writing Method to Help English Language Learners
Teo, Adeline
English Teaching Forum, v45 n4 p18-25 2007
Social-interactive Writing for English Language Learners (SWELL) is collaborative writing based on Topping's Paired Writing Method. The method was changed to meet the needs of English language learners. In both methods, pairs are formed according to proficiency, pairing a more advanced student (a Helper) with a less advanced one (a Writer). The author describes the steps of generating ideas, drafting, reading, editing, best copy, and evaluating. Features of SWELL include using students' linguistic knowledge (L1), balancing fluency with mechanics, and promoting explicit teacher instruction.
US Department of State. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of English Language Programs, SA-5, 2200 C Street NW 4th Floor, Washington, DC 20037. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A