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ERIC Number: EJ1099332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Systematic Review of Theory-Based Interventions Aimed at Increasing Physical Activity in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury
Wilroy, Jereme; Knowlden, Adam
American Journal of Health Education, v47 n3 p163-175 2016
Background: Approximately 200,000 individuals have a spinal cord injury (SCI) and more than 12,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. Lowered physical functioning caused by SCI often leads to a sedentary lifestyle, increasing risk for chronic diseases, secondary medical conditions, and lower quality of life. Purpose: The aim of this investigation was to conduct a systematic review for physical activity interventions among people with SCI. Methods: Several databases were used with search terms "spinal cord injury," "physical activity" and "intervention." Inclusion and exclusion criteria were used. Results: The search strategy returned a total of 112 hits and after refinement resulted in 10 studies satisfying both the inclusion and exclusion criteria, with 9 being unique. Discussion: The strengths of the studies include 4 randomized controlled trials, use of theoretical frameworks, and consistent outcome measures; weaknesses included low sample sizes, lacking a true control group, and the limitations of self-report of physical activity. Translation to Health Education Practice: Recommendation for more physical activity programs to be developed for individuals with SCI. Strategies are provided for intervention design, implementation, and evaluation.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A