ERIC Number: EJ1099315
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
The Response Dynamics of Recognition Memory: Sensitivity and Bias
Koop, Gregory J.; Criss, Amy H.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n5 p671-685 May 2016
Advances in theories of memory are hampered by insufficient metrics for measuring memory. The goal of this paper is to further the development of model-independent, sensitive empirical measures of the recognition decision process. We evaluate whether metrics from continuous mouse tracking, or response dynamics, uniquely identify response bias and mnemonic evidence, and demonstrate 1 application of these metrics to the strength-based mirror-effect paradigm. In 4 studies, we show that response dynamics can augment our current analytic repertoire in a way that speaks to the psychological mechanisms underlying recognition memory. We manipulated familiarity and response bias via encoding strength and the proportion of targets at test (Experiment 1) and found that the initial degree of deviation of the mouse movement toward a response is a robust indicator of response bias. In order to better isolate measures of memory strength, we next minimized response bias through the use of 2-alternative forced-choice tests (Experiments 2 and 3). Changes in the direction of movement along the x-axis provided an indication of encoding strength. We conclude by applying these metrics to the typical strength-based mirror effect design (Experiment 4) in an attempt to further discriminate between differentiation and criterion-shift accounts.
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Response Style (Tests), Mnemonics, Familiarity, Memory, Measurement, Statistical Analysis, Cognitive Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0951612