ERIC Number: EJ1098818
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Applied PhD Research in a Work-Based Environment: An Activity Theory-Based Analysis
Granata, S. N.; Dochy, F.
Studies in Higher Education, v41 n6 p990-1007 2016
Activity theory is used to compare PhD undertaken at university, that is, academic PhD, with PhD performed in collaboration with industry, that is, semi-industrial PhD. The research is divided into a literature review and a case study. Semi-industrial and academic PhD are modelled as activity systems, and differences are highlighted in terms of subject, community, division of labour and instruments. Semi-industrial PhD involve interaction with people from a non-academic background, developing management skills. Furthermore, the supervision of semi-industrial PhD is more complex than that of academic PhD. If supported by frequent supervision, this complexity strengthens the PhD. If not, supervision becomes dispersive, and semi-industrial PhD students create a network of people that enables them to perform their research. However, the creation of that network is not systematic, and a lack of a network may affect the PhD research. Therefore, frequent supervision of semi-industrial PhD students should be stressed and structured.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Engineering Education, School Business Relationship, Work Environment, Doctoral Degrees, Doctoral Programs, Comparative Analysis, Social Theories, Literature Reviews, Case Studies, School Community Relationship, Partnerships in Education, Scientific Concepts, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A