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ERIC Number: EJ1098783
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2073-7629
Effects of Clown Doctors on Child and Caregiver Anxiety at the Entrance to the Surgery Care Unit and Separation from Caregivers
Arriaga, PatrĂ­cia; Pacheco, Catarina
International Journal of Emotional Education, v8 n1 p19-34 Apr 2016
This study investigated the effects of hospital Clown Doctors intervention on child and caregiver preoperative anxiety at the entrance to the surgery care unit and separation from caregivers. A total of 88 children (aged 4-12 years) were assigned to one of the following two groups: Clown Doctors intervention or control group (standard care). Independent observational records using the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale instrument assessed children's anxiety, while the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory measured caregiver's state anxiety. In addition, caregivers assessed the children's functional health problems by completing the Functional Status Questionnaire. Although no effects of Clown Doctors were found on children's anxiety, results showed that both low functional health problems and Clown Doctors intervention were significant predictors of lower caregiver anxiety. Caregivers also reported being very satisfied with their intervention. Overall, this study demonstrated the positive role of Clown Doctors for caregivers at a specific pediatric hospital setting.
Centre for Resilience and Socio-Emotional Health. Old Humanities Building (OH) Room 241, University of Malta, MSD 2080, Malta. Tel: +356-2340-3014; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A