ERIC Number: EJ1098734
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Mixed Methods Student Evaluation of an Online Systemic Human Anatomy Course with Laboratory
Attardi, Stefanie M.; Choi, Suwhan; Barnett, John; Rogers, Kem A.
Anatomical Sciences Education, v9 n3 p272-285 May-Jun 2016
A fully online section of an existing face-to-face (F2F) systemic human anatomy course with a prosection laboratory was offered for the first time in 2012-2013. Lectures for F2F students (N = 365) were broadcast in both live and archived format to online students (N = 40) using virtual classroom software. Laboratories were delivered online by a teaching assistant who manipulated 3D computer models in the virtual classroom environment. An exploratory sequential mixed methods approach was undertaken to determine the most important deciding factors that drive students' preferences for a given format and then to generate theory on the strengths and weaknesses of the online format. Students (20 online; 310 F2F) volunteered to participate in a crossover period of one week to expose them to the course section in which they were not originally registered. Open ended interviews (20 online; 20 F2F) and quantitative surveys (270 F2F) were conducted following a crossover. Students valued pace control, schedule, and location flexibility of learning from archived materials and being assessed online. In the online laboratory they had difficulty using the 3D models and preferred the unique and hands-on experiences of cadaveric specimens. The F2F environment was conducive to learning in both lecture and laboratory because students felt more engaged by instructors in person and were less distracted by their surroundings. These results suggest the need to improve the online experience by increasing the quality of student-instructor communication and in turn student-content interaction with the 3D models.
Descriptors: Anatomy, Human Body, Medical Education, Laboratories, Lecture Method, Online Courses, Computer Software, Technology Uses in Education, Models, Simulated Environment, Mixed Methods Research, Student Attitudes, Teaching Methods, Interviews, Surveys, Experiential Learning, Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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