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ERIC Number: EJ1098420
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1083-6470
Beyond ORF: Student-Level Predictors of Reading Achievement
Canto, Angela I.; Proctor, Briley E.
Journal of Research in Education, v23 n2 p17-34 Fall 2013
This study explored student-level predictors of reading achievement among third grade regular education students. Predictors included student demographics (sex and socioeconomic status (SES), using free and reduced lunch as proxy for SES), direct observations of reading skills (oral reading fluency (ORF) and word decoding skill (nonsense word fluency/NWF), and academic history (number of prior grade retentions (retentions), Reading/Language Arts grades (reading grade), and attendance rate. Hierarchical linear regression results indicated that ORF and reading grade were statistically significant predictors of high-stakes reading achievement for this sample (model R[superscript 2] = 0.631). Results replicated previous findings of the predictive value of ORF, above and beyond economic disadvantage and highlighted the influence of low reading grades as an additional key predictor of poor reading achievement, with effect above and beyond that of ORF alone. [NOTE: The volume number (2) shown on the attached PDF is incorrect. The correct citation information for this document is v23 n2 Fall 2013.]
Eastern Educational Research Association. George Watson, Marshall University, One John Marshall Drive, College of Education and Professional Development, Huntington, WV 25755. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS); Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A