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ERIC Number: EJ1098309
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1083-6470
Trend Analysis of Educational Investments and Outcomes
Griffore, Robert J.; Phenice, Lillian A.; Hsieh, Meng-Chuan
Journal of Research in Education, v24 n1 p154-161 Spr-Sum 2014
It is generally expected that funds invested in public instruction will strengthen pupil achievement. Similarly, it is expected that enrollments of young children in preschool education should lead to higher achievement. In a trend analysis, we examined three variables as predictors of grade 8 achievement in 2007: (1) state expenditures per student in 2000, (2) state level percentage of 3 year old and 4 year old children who attended school in 2000, and (3) state level grade 4 achievement scores in 2003. State expenditures per pupil and percent participation in early childhood education at the state level were not significant predictors of grade 8 achievement. Grade 4 achievement explained more than 80 percent of the variance in grade 8 achievement.
Eastern Educational Research Association. George Watson, Marshall University, One John Marshall Drive, College of Education and Professional Development, Huntington, WV 25755. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A