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ERIC Number: EJ1098260
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr-23
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1990-3839
Investigating Stratification within Higher Education through Examining the Status of Students in Different Academic Majors in Terms of Cultural, Social and Economic Capital
Hassani, Mohammad; Ghasemi, Seyyed Jamal Mir
Educational Research and Reviews, v11 n8 p676-685 Apr 2016
This study was carried out in order to explore the status of stratification within higher education through measuring cultural, economic and social capital of students in major academic disciplines across universities in Urmia, Northwestern Iran. The findings indicate that there are stratification structures in the presence of students in humanities, engineering, agriculture, science, medicine and its related fields, there is also significant differences between the cultural and economic capital of students in these majors, whereas there is no significant difference among them in terms of social capital. Moreover, the results suggest stratification also exists in terms of the students' place of study (State, Azad, Payamenoor, Medical Sciences Universities, Non-profit), the type of university (public/private) and type of study (tuition-based/tuition-free). As a result, students admitted to Islamic Azad, Payam-e-Noor and Non-profit Universities enjoy a higher cultural and economic capital in comparison with State University students. These students after graduating and in order to enter work market, act better than lower class students in competitive field of employment and earn more success. As such, the higher educational system reinforces the class structure of society and it can be concluded that the type of university has played an important role in stratification.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A