ERIC Number: EJ1098083
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
Testing the Causal Links between School Climate, School Violence, and School Academic Performance: A Cross-Lagged Panel Autoregressive Model
Benbenishty, Rami; Astor, Ron Avi; Roziner, Ilan; Wrabel, Stephani L.
Educational Researcher, v45 n3 p197-206 Apr 2016
The present study explores the causal link between school climate, school violence, and a school's general academic performance over time using a school-level, cross-lagged panel autoregressive modeling design. We hypothesized that reductions in school violence and climate improvement would lead to schools' overall improved academic performance. School-level secondary analysis of the California Healthy Kids Survey was conducted at three points in time. Findings offer credible evidence that a school's overall improvement in academic performance is a central causal factor in reducing violence and enhancing a school's climate. In the discussion, we suggest that when strong efforts to improve academics are taken, schools may tend to include issues of climate and victimization as part of those academic reform efforts.
Descriptors: Correlation, Educational Environment, Surveys, Violence, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement, Victims, Educational Change, Social Environment, Structural Equation Models, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Statistical Analysis
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California