NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1098022
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1083-6470
School Climate for Academic Success: A Multilevel Analysis of School Climate and Student Outcomes
Kwong, Darren; Davis, Jonathan Ryan
Journal of Research in Education, v25 n2 p68-81 2015
This multilevel study examined the relationship between school climate and academic achievement. Using the Educational Longitudinal Survey (ELS, 2002), and a sample of 16,258 students and 1954 schools nationwide, we found that student-level perception of school climate--especially the student learning environment--was highly predictive of academic success in math and reading standardized test scores. This study confirmed that, among school climate variables at the school level, worse institutional facilities have a negative impact on student achievement and higher levels of institutional surveillance negatively affected the positive effects that student perceptions of safety and their learning environments had on student success. Finally, reducing high levels of institutional surveillance was found to mitigate socioeconomic inequalities.
Eastern Educational Research Association. George Watson, Marshall University, One John Marshall Drive, College of Education and Professional Development, Huntington, WV 25755. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A