ERIC Number: EJ1098016
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Interaction Effects of Campus Racial Composition and Student Racial Identification
Abu-Ghazaleh, Nabil; Hoffman, John L.
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, v40 n8 p656-667 2016
Drawing upon a sample of 13,025 students who attended the nine majority minority colleges of the Los Angeles Community College District, this study examined the interaction effects of the racial composition of the colleges on student persistence. Special attention was given to variables that paired students' race to the racial demography of the campus (Majority African American, Majority Latino, or No Racial Majority). Multivariate regression analyses included a range of demographic, environmental, engagement, and satisfaction variables, and a measure of student persistence. Findings revealed multiple significant and varied results according to the pairing of student race to institutional composition. The effect sizes for these variables were small but consistent with those for academic preparation as reflected in the lowest level of math, English, and English as a Second Language (ESL) courses taken, and stronger than the effects for the engagement and satisfaction scales that we utilized. Implications for policy and practice are introduced and discussed.
Descriptors: Racial Composition, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Interaction, Academic Persistence, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Regression (Statistics), Multivariate Analysis, Student Characteristics, Effect Size, Learner Engagement, Student Satisfaction, Student Records, Surveys, Academic Aspiration, White Students, Asian American Students, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A