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ERIC Number: EJ1097957
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1072-0502
Counterconditioned Fear Responses Exhibit Greater Renewal than Extinguished Fear Responses
Holmes, Nathan M.; Leung, Hiu T.; Westbrook, R. Frederick
Learning & Memory, v23 n4 p141-150 Apr 2016
This series of experiments used rats to compare counterconditioning and extinction of conditioned fear responses (freezing) with respect to the effects of a context shift. In each experiment, a stimulus was paired with shock in context A, extinguished or counterconditioned through pairings with sucrose in context B, and then tested for renewal outside of context B. Counterconditioned fear responses exhibited greater ABA renewal than extinguished fear responses. This result was observed using a between-subjects design (Experiment 1) and a within-subject design in which counterconditioned and extinguished stimuli were equated in all respects other than their signaling of sucrose (Experiment 2). Counterconditioned fear responses also exhibited greater ABC renewal than extinguished fear responses (Experiment 3). This result was observed using a within-subject design in which context C was identical to context B in terms of its associative history, and when counterconditioned and extinguished CSs were tested in compounds matched for their association with both shock and sucrose (Experiment 4). These results are consistent with models which hold that context regulates expression of associations formed in counterconditioning and extinction, and allow the level of regulation to be greater following counterconditioning than extinction, as noted in previous studies.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A