ERIC Number: EJ1097531
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
A Framework for Conceptualizing and Evaluating the Validity of Instructionally Relevant Assessments
Pellegrino, James W.; DiBello, Louis V.; Goldman, Susan R.
Educational Psychologist, v51 n1 p59-81 2016
Assessments that function close to classroom teaching and learning can play a powerful role in fostering academic achievement. Unfortunately, however, relatively little attention has been given to discussion of the design and validation of such assessments. The present article presents a framework for conceptualizing and organizing the multiple components of validity applicable to assessments intended for use in the classroom to support ongoing processes of teaching and learning. The conceptual framework builds on existing validity concepts and focuses attention on three components: "cognitive validity," "instructional validity," and "inferential validity." The goal in presenting the framework is to clarify the concept of validity, including key components of the interpretive argument, while considering the types and forms of evidence needed to construct a validity argument for classroom assessments. The framework's utility is illustrated by presenting an application to the analysis of the validity of assessments embedded within an elementary mathematics curriculum.
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Test Validity, Evidence, Models, Test Construction, Elementary School Mathematics, Item Response Theory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes