ERIC Number: EJ1097157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Emotionally Up and Down, Behaviorally to and fro: Drinking Motives Mediate the Synergistic Effects of Urgency and Emotional Instability on Alcohol Outcomes
Dvorak, Robert D.; Kuvaas, Nicholas J.; Lamis, Dorian A.; Pearson, Matthew R.; Stevenson, Brittany L.
Journal of Drug Education, v45 n3-4 p156-184 Sep-Dec 2015
Emotional and behavioral regulation has been linked to coping and enhancement motives and associated with different patterns of alcohol use and problems. The current studies examined emotional instability, urgency, and internal drinking motives as predictors of alcohol dependence symptoms as well as the likelihood and severity of "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition Alcohol Use Disorder" (AUD). In Study 1, college drinkers (n = 621) completed alcohol involvement and behavioral/emotional functioning assessments. There was an indirect association between emotional instability and dependence symptoms via both coping and enhancement drinking motives which was potentiated by trait urgency. In Study 2, college drinkers (n = 510) completed alcohol involvement, behavioral/emotional functioning, and AUD criteria assessments. A significant indirect effect from emotional instability to the likelihood of meeting AUD criteria, via drinking to cope was found, again potentiated by urgency.
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, College Students, Emotional Problems, Motivation, Predictor Variables, Probability, Behavior Problems, Correlation, Addictive Behavior, Coping, Psychological Patterns, Self Control, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Hypothesis Testing, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Sponsor: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: K01AA023233