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ERIC Number: EJ1096794
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0020-739X
The Initial Treatment of the Concept of Function in the Selected Secondary School Mathematics Textbooks in the US and China
Son, Ji-Won; Hu, Qintong
International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, v47 n4 p505-530 2016
In order to provide insight into cross-national differences in students' achievement, this study compares the initial treatment of the concept of function sections of Chinese and US textbooks. The number of lessons, contents, and mathematical problems were analyzed. The results show that the US curricula introduce the concept of function one year earlier than the Chinese curriculum and provide strikingly more problems for students to work on. However, the Chinese curriculum emphasizes developing both concepts and procedures and includes more problems that require explanations, visual representations, and problem solving in worked-out examples that may help students formulate multiple solution methods. This result could indicate that instead of the number of problems and early introduction of the concept, the cognitive demands of textbook problems required for student thinking could be one reason for differences in American and Chinese students' performances in international comparative studies. Implications of these findings for curriculum developers, teachers, and researchers are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A