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ERIC Number: EJ1096490
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Guanajuato, Mexico: The Leon Survey
Fombonne, Eric; Marcin, Carlos; Manero, Ana Cecilia; Bruno, Ruth; Diaz, Christian; Villalobos, Michele; Ramsay, Katrina; Nealy, Benjamin
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n5 p1669-1685 May 2016
There are no epidemiological data on autism for Mexico. This study was conducted to generate a first estimate of ASD prevalence in Mexico. We surveyed children age eight in Leon (Guanajuato). The sample was stratified in two strata: (1) children having special education and medical records (SEMR; N = 432) and (2) children attending regular schools (GSS; N = 11,684). GSS children were screened with the SRS and those with the highest scores were invited to a diagnostic evaluation. The final sample comprised 36 children (80.6% male) who had confirmed ASD. A third had intellectual disability, 25% were non-verbal, 69% had co-occurring behavioral problems. The prevalence overall was 0.87% (95% CI 0.62, 1.1%). This survey provides an estimate for ASD prevalence in Mexico that is consistent with recent studies.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Mexico
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A