ERIC Number: EJ1096216
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Adjustment to College in an Urban Commuter Setting: The Impact of Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Athletic Participation
Melendez, Mickey C.
Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, v18 n1 p31-48 May 2016
College student adjustment, success, and retention have been a focus of college administrators and student development professionals for decades. However, national college retention and graduation statistics are typically focused on traditional, residential, full-time, college populations. The purpose of the current study was to examine more closely the impact of race/ethnicity, gender, and athletic participation on the adjustment to college of 162 college freshman attending a diverse urban commuter institution. The Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ) was employed to test the impact of the three independent variables (race/ethnicity, gender, athletic participation) on the four SACQ subscales (dependent variables). Findings revealed significant Pearson correlations and multivariate analysis of variance main effects among the variables of gender and athletic participation on certain SACQ subscales. More specifically, multivariate analysis of variance main effect findings were revealed for the variables of gender on the academic adjustment and institution attachment subscales of the SACQ and for athletic participation on the social adjustment subscale of the SACQ. Implications of these findings for student services and athletics programming are discussed.
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, College Students, Higher Education, Urban Universities, Commuter Colleges, Questionnaires, Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Athletics, Athletes, Urban Areas, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Enrollment, School Holding Power, Graduation Rate, Ethnicity, Participation, Social Adjustment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A