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ERIC Number: EJ1096059
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
Young Children's Motivational Frameworks and Math Achievement: Relation to Teacher-Reported Instructional Practices, but Not Teacher Theory of Intelligence
Park, Daeun; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Tsukayama, Eli; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v108 n3 p300-313 Apr 2016
Although students' motivational frameworks (entity vs. incremental) have been linked to academic achievement, little is known about how early this link emerges and how motivational frameworks develop in the first place. In a year-long study (student N = 424, Teacher N = 58), we found that, as early as 1st and 2nd grade, children who endorsed an incremental framework performed better on a nationally normed standardized math test than children who held an entity framework (i.e., believe ability is stable, prefer easy tasks). Furthermore, teachers' self-reported instructional practices (mastery- vs. performance-oriented) played an important role in the development of students' motivational frameworks. The more a teacher reported emphasizing that children demonstrate competence in the classroom (i.e., performance-oriented instructional practices), the more students endorsed an entity framework at the end of the school year, even after controlling for students' beginning-of-year frameworks. These findings have significant implications for theory as well as practice, as they show that even in the early elementary grades, teacher-reported instructional practices are linked to the development of students' motivational frameworks, which in turn, are linked to students' mathematics achievement.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Center for Education Research (ED); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Patterns of Adaptive Learning Survey; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A110682; SBE0541957; SBE1041707