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ERIC Number: EJ1095934
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1090-1981
Required Actions to Place NCDs in Africa and the Global South High on the World Agenda
Moeti, Matshidiso R.; Munodawafa, Davison
Health Education & Behavior, v43 n1 suppl p14S-16S Apr 2016
Africa and most of the global south continue to experience a striking burden of communicable diseases, neglected tropical diseases, and high rates of maternal and child mortality, as well as disastrous internecine conflicts and floods. While Africa has been making steady progress in addressing communicable diseases, it now faces new threats from highly infectious pathogens, specifically those with a human-to-animal interface such as the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. Moreover, with weak health systems in many of its countries, Africa is the only continent where poverty rates remain high at around 48% according to the Millennium Development Goals progress report (United Nations Development Programme, 2015; World Health Organization [WHO], 2008). The emergence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Africa threatens to retard the social and economic gains that have been made to date. The four major modifiable behavioral risk factors for NCDs are tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet. In addition, the four key metabolic risk factors known to increase the risk of NCDs are hypertension, overweight/obesity, hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels), and hyperlipidemia (high levels of fat in the blood). This article discusses the key determinants of NCDs, implications for NCD control and prevention in Africa, and the nine global targets contained in the "Global Action Plan for Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013-2020" (WHO, 2013) that should guide all actions aimed at addressing NCDs in Africa and the global south.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa
Grant or Contract Numbers: HHSN268201500073P