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ERIC Number: EJ1095884
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Are School Nurses an Overlooked Resource in Reducing Childhood Obesity? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Schroeder, Krista; Travers, Jasmine; Smaldone, Arlene
Journal of School Health, v86 n5 p309-321 May 2016
Background: Schools are a key setting for childhood obesity interventions, yet nurses are not often included in delivering these interventions. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine school-based interventions involving nurses in a role beyond anthropometric measurement for effect on change in body measures. Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of these papers. Results: The literature search produced 2412 articles. Eleven met inclusion criteria for the systematic review (4 randomized controlled trail [RCT], 7 quasi-experimental) and 8 for the meta-analysis. None have been included in prior meta-analyses. Four studies restricted eligibility to overweight and/or obese children; 7 included all children regardless of body weight. Random effects meta-analytic models represent data from 6050 (body mass index [BMI]), 5863 (BMIz), and 416 (BMI percentile) children, respectively. Pooled analyses demonstrated statistically significant decreases in BMI (6 studies: -0.48 [95% CI -0.84, -0.12]; I[superscript 2] = 91.2%, Q=68.1), BMIz (5 studies: -0.10 [95% CI: -0.15, -0.05]; I[superscript 2] = 0, Q = 2.3), and BMI percentile (3 studies: -0.41 [95% CI: -0.60, -0.21]; I[superscript 2] = 0, Q = 2.0). Conclusions: These findings are similar to those of other meta-analyses of school-based interventions and suggest that school nurses can play a key role in implementing sustainable, effective school-based obesity interventions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute of Nursing Research (NIH); National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: T32NR014205; R01NR013687; UL1TR000040