ERIC Number: EJ1095778
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Sources of Variability in Language Development of Children with Cochlear Implants: Age at Implantation, Parental Language, and Early Features of Children's Language Construction
Szagun, Gisela; Schramm, Satyam A.
Journal of Child Language, v43 n3 p505-536 May 2016
The aim of the present study was to analyze the relative influence of age at implantation, parental expansions, and child language internal factors on grammatical progress in children with cochlear implants (CI). Data analyses used two longitudinal corpora of spontaneous speech samples, one with twenty-two and one with twenty-six children, implanted between 0;6 and 3;10. Analyses were performed on the combined and separate samples. Regression analyses indicate that early child MLU is the strongest predictor of child MLU two and two-and-a-half years later, followed by parental expansions and age at implantation. Associations between earliest MLU gains and MLU two years later point to stability of individual differences. Early type and token frequencies of determiners predict MLU two years later more strongly than early frequency of lexical words. We conclude that features of CI children's very early language have considerable predictive value for later language outcomes.
Descriptors: Child Language, Assistive Technology, Age, Language Acquisition, Language Usage, Parents, Grammar, Regression (Statistics), Predictor Variables, Individual Differences, Lexicology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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