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ERIC Number: EJ1095649
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Phonological Activation of Word Meanings in Grade 5 Readers
Jared, Debra; Ashby, Jane; Agauas, Stephen J.; Levy, Betty Ann
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v42 n4 p524-541 Apr 2016
Three experiments examined the role of phonology in the activation of word meanings in Grade 5 students. In Experiment 1, homophone and spelling control errors were embedded in a story context and participants performed a proofreading task as they read for meaning. For both good and poor readers, more homophone errors went undetected than spelling control errors. In Experiments 2 and 3, homophone and spelling control errors were in sentence contexts. Experiment 2 used an online sentence verification task, and found that both good and poor readers were less accurate when sentences contained a homophone error than a spelling control error. Furthermore, a difference between the 2 types of sentences was observed even when participants were concurrently performing an articulation task. In Experiment 3, initial reading times were shorter on homophone errors than on spelling controls, and participants were less likely to make a regression from homophone errors than spelling controls. These experiments provide clear evidence that phonology makes an important contribution to the activation of word meanings in Grade 5 readers.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Michigan