ERIC Number: EJ1095606
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
The Relevance of Diversity in the Job Attribute Preferences of College Students
Murphy, Angela J.; Collins, Jennifer M.
College Student Journal, v49 n2 p199-2016 Sum 2015
The study explores the role of diversity in the underlying job attributes that college students use to evaluate careers and if there are differences in the individual job attributes based on the race, gender, and major of the participants. We use a factor analysis to explore the underlying factors associated with 16 job attributes. Findings reveal three primary factors: diversity-global, intrinsic features and status. Diversity-global accounts for nearly 24% of the variance, intrinsic features contribute to 14% of the variance, and status has about 12% of the variance. We also utilize analysis of variance (ANOVA) to identify demographic differences, (i.e., gender, race, and academic major), associated with 16 job attributes. The top three job attributes are advancement, salary and flexible work hours. While there are some differences in job attributes based on race and gender, they are considerably fewer than we expected; academic major actually provides the greatest number of significant findings. This suggests that organizations should emphasize major more than race or gender in the recruitment process. At the same time, how much organizations embrace diversity and inclusion is a consideration for women and Blacks.
Descriptors: College Students, Preferences, Cultural Pluralism, Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Majors (Students), Occupational Information, Factor Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Student Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A