ERIC Number: EJ1095444
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Conversational Repair Strategies in Response to Requests for Clarification in Typically Developing Jordanian Children Ages 4;0-6;0 Years
Kamal, Sana M.; Haj-Tas, Maisa A.
College Student Journal, v48 n4 p661-674 Win 2014
Conversational repairs are an important pragmatic language skill. We identified types of responses to requests for clarification and their frequencies in typically developing 4;0-6;0-year-old Jordanian children. This study was motivated by the fact that there are no Arabic data regarding this issue and by the limited range of forms of requests for clarification reported in previous studies in other languages. Repair strategies were identified from videotaped records of 30 Jordanian children. The examiners used seven forms of request for clarification to elicit responses, across two tasks: story and play. Our main result revealed that Jordanian children use the same repair strategies as children who speak different languages, but with different frequencies. Addition was the most frequent repair strategy used. Additional results indicated significant differences among participants in the use of strategies other than addition across forms and tasks. Specifically, certain forms of request for clarification, such as (an Arabic word meaning) "What?" elicited the most age-appropriate responses by the participating children. These results suggest that teachers and speech language pathologists working with this age group, should use easy forms such as "What?" rather than harder forms such as "What do you mean?" when asking for clarification to facilitate communication.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Children, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Strategies, Language Skills, Responses, Video Technology, Language Usage, Semitic Languages, Pragmatics, Questionnaires, Parent Attitudes, Child Development, Student Records, Observation, Picture Books, Toys, Coding
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Jordan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Preschool Language Scale