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ERIC Number: EJ1095261
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-5984
Creating Rich Portraits: A Mixed-Methods Approach to Understanding Profiles of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations
Corpus, Jennifer Henderlong; Wormington, Stephanie V.; Haimovitz, Kyla
Elementary School Journal, v116 n3 p365-390 Mar 2016
A person-centered, mixed-methods approach (self-report surveys, semistructured interviews, school records) was used to characterize and evaluate profiles of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations among 243 third- through eighth-grade students. Cluster analysis suggested four distinct profiles: high quantity (high intrinsic, high extrinsic), primarily intrinsic (high intrinsic, low extrinsic), primarily extrinsic (low intrinsic, high extrinsic), and low quantity (low intrinsic, low extrinsic) motivation. The primarily intrinsic profile showed the most adaptive pattern of responses; the primarily extrinsic and low quantity profiles, conversely, displayed similarly maladaptive patterns. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses suggested that particular combinations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations may explain students' academic and emotional functioning in school better than levels of each variable in isolation.
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A