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ERIC Number: EJ1095022
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Visual Arts and Academic Achievement
Gibson, Marcia A.; Larson, Meredith A.
Journal for Learning through the Arts, v3 n1 Article 8 2007
The focus on academic performance testing in elementary schools has caused a decrease in student experience in the arts. Visual arts (drawing, painting, sculpture, and collage) have been minimized in elementary schools. Without exposure to the special avenues of cognitive development and personal expression nurtured by visual arts, students are not able to meet their full potential. This action research examined the role of visual arts in elementary schools in a rural area of California. Teachers, parents, and students were surveyed, interviewed, and observed; and artifacts were collected to determine whether visual arts were valued for intrinsic or instrumental contributions. Findings suggest visual arts are highly valued by the elementary school community and are well integrated by some teachers. Importantly, if classroom teachers are expected to integrate art effectively, meet the California Visual Art Standards, and help children grow in this domain then there must be either explicit training in the visual arts for elementary classroom teachers or a requirement for providing art specialists.
Descriptors: Visual Arts, Academic Achievement, Elementary Education, Action Research, Elementary Schools, Rural Areas, Surveys, Art Education, Integrated Curriculum, Academic Standards, State Standards, Teacher Education, Educational Benefits, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, Summative Evaluation, Likert Scales, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Observation, Interviews, Questionnaires
Center for Learning in the Arts, Sciences and Sustainability. University of California Irvine, School of Biological Sciences III, Office 2656, Irvine, CA 92697. Tel: 949-824-4317; Fax: 949-824-2965; Web site: http://sites.uci.edu/class/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California