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ERIC Number: EJ1094986
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1947-380X
Validation of the Quantitative Diagnostic Thinking Inventory for Athletic Training: A Pilot Study
Kicklighter, Taz; Barnum, Mary; Geisler, Paul R.; Martin, Malissa
Athletic Training Education Journal, v11 n1 p58-67 Jan-Mar 2016
Context: The cognitive process of making a clinical decision lies somewhere on a continuum between novices using hypothetico-deductive reasoning and experts relying more on case pattern recognition. Although several methods exist for measuring facets of clinical reasoning in specific situations, none have been experimentally applied, as of yet, to the profession of athletic training. The Diagnostic Thinking Inventory (DTI) has been used with medical doctors and medical students to determine their level of clinical reasoning as it applies to diagnosis making. Objective: To validate the DTI for Athletic Training (DTI-AT) and associated interview questions for use in the field of athletic training. Design: Mixed methodology. Setting: Online inventory and Skype-based interviews. Patients or Other Participants: Convenience sample of 25 senior-level athletic training students. Main Outcome Measure(s): Participants completed an online version of the DTI-AT which rated clinical reasoning tendencies on a 6-point Likert-type scale. Quantitative analysis consisted of determining means and ranges of scores along with reliability of total scores and subset scores. Randomly selected participants were interviewed online in order to provide validity of interview questions that were used to determine personal and professional activities that are either thought to enhance or hinder clinical reasoning. A secondary purpose was to solicit specific feedback that may enhance our understanding of the modified DTI. Results: A strong reliability was found for total DTI (r(41) = 0.846) and an acceptable reliability for flexibility in thinking (r(21) = 0.731) and structure of memory (r(20) = 0.771). Conclusions: The modifications of the DTI-AT demonstrated strong reliability and face validity. The DTI-AT may be an effective tool for determining clinical reasoning of athletic training students.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A