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ERIC Number: EJ1094892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0026-7902
Factors Influencing Spanish Instructors' In-Class Feedback Decisions
Gurzynski-Weiss, Laura
Modern Language Journal, v100 n1 p255-275 Spr 2016
While oral corrective feedback is a principal focus in second language acquisition research, most studies examine feedback once it has been provided. Investigating how instructors make in-class feedback decisions has not been thoroughly explored, despite the fact that classroom feedback occurs at the discretion of the individual language instructor and evidence from case studies that feedback provision varies greatly between instructors (recently reviewed in Lyster, Saito, & Sato, [Lyster, R., 2013]). This study investigates how 32 instructors make their moment-to-moment feedback decisions in response to learner errors during natural, university-level Spanish foreign language lessons. Each instructor had a 50-minute grammar-focused lesson videotaped and participated in a stimulated recall. Results reveal instructor in-class feedback decision making to be a systematic and ordered cognitive process: Instructors who reflect on learner errors report that contextual (e.g., error type), learner (e.g., perceived student ability), and instructor factors (e.g., research background) influenced their decision whether or not to provide feedback, as well what type(s) to provide, and when. Others report having automatized their feedback practices and not reflecting on learner errors. All instructors report that their individual characteristics, specifically their native language, teaching experience, and training in second language acquisition, mediate the corrective feedback they provide.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A