ERIC Number: EJ1094713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
High School Substance Use as a Predictor of College Attendance, Completion, and Dropout: A National Multicohort Longitudinal Study
Patrick, Megan E.; Schulenberg, John E.; O'Malley, Patrick M.
Youth & Society, v48 n3 p425-447 May 2016
National data from Monitoring the Future were used to examine patterns and predictors of college attendance. Samples of American 12th-grade students from 1977 to 2003 were followed for 7 years (modal ages 18-25; N = 10,020). College attendance and graduation patterns varied considerably over historical time and based on family background. Substance use during high school predicted a greater likelihood of never attending (for cigarettes, illegal drugs), of graduating from a 2-year rather than a 4-year school (for cigarettes), and of dropping out versus graduating from a 4-year school (for cigarettes, marijuana, and other illegal drugs). High school binge drinking predicted lower college dropout, but only in models also controlling for cigarette, marijuana, and other illicit drug use. This study provides a needed overview of adolescent predictors of patterns of college attendance among American young adults over the past three decades.
Descriptors: High School Graduates, Dropouts, Substance Abuse, High School Seniors, College Attendance, Alcohol Abuse, College Bound Students, Adolescents, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement, Questionnaires, Attendance Patterns, Marijuana, Smoking, Graduation, Dropout Rate, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Sponsor: National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS); National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DA001411; R01DA016575; R21DA031356; R21AA020045