ERIC Number: EJ1094675
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
The Effect of an Educational Program on Strength-Training Adherence in Older Adults
Papadopoulos, Charilaos; Jager, Johnna M.
Educational Gerontology, v42 n5 p342-351 2016
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a strength-training program combined with an educational intervention on resistance-training knowledge, adherence, psychological parameters, and functionality in older individuals residing in assisted living facilities. Twenty-four (mean age: 83.8 ± 8.0 years) participants were divided into three groups; one group participated in strength-training plus an educational program, the second group participated in a strength-training program, and the third group served as a reference group. Both strength-training groups completed an 8-week training program using elastic tubing twice per week. The educational program was offered once a week for 20 minutes and consisted of various strength-training topics. All participants completed the Up and Go test; handgrip strength test; questionnaires to determine quality of life, depression and fatigue; and a strength-training knowledge test before and after 8 weeks of training. Repeated Measures ANOVA was used to determine differences. The strength training plus education group had a significantly (p = 0.03) higher (87.5%) attendance rate compared to the strength training only group (69.2%). After 8 weeks of training, the participants in the combined strength and education group experienced a significant (p > 0.05) increase in strength-training knowledge, functional ability, and quality of life compared to baseline testing. The results showed that an educational intervention has a positive effect on strength knowledge, function, and attendance rate. Additional research is needed to determine the long-term effect of such educational components when added to regular strength-training programs.
Descriptors: Older Adults, Physical Fitness, Health Related Fitness, Statistical Analysis, Questionnaires, Comparative Analysis, Pretests Posttests, Physical Activities, Higher Education, Quasiexperimental Design, Program Effectiveness, Muscular Strength, Human Body, Exercise, Motor Reactions, Aging (Individuals), Wellness, Likert Scales, Undergraduate Students, Correlation, Scores, Quality of Life
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington