NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ1094603
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2252-8822
The Retention of Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: A Framework for Persistence
White, Jeffry L.; Massiha, G. H.
International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, v5 n1 p1-8 Mar 2016
Women make up 47% of the total U.S. workforce, but are less represented in engineering, computer sciences, and the physical sciences. In addition, race and ethnicity are salient factors and minority women comprise fewer than 1 in 10 scientist or engineer. In this paper, a review of the literature is under taken that explores the many challenges women encounter when pursing a career in the sciences. It includes a review of the national landscape and discussion of the guiding general retention theories. Finally it proposes a conceptual framework for persistence and proffers a number of research questions designed to delve deeper into the under representation phenomenon.
Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. C5 Plumbon, Banguntapan, Yogyakarta, 55198, Indonesia. Tel: +62-274-4534501; Fax: +62-274-564604; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A