ERIC Number: EJ1093935
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Investigating the Perceptions of Intellectual Diversity among Socially Conservative Christian Seniors at Elite U.S. Colleges
Brow, Mark V.
Journal of Research on Christian Education, v25 n1 p38-55 2016
This study investigated the perceptions of intellectual diversity at elite U.S. universities through the lens of the socially conservative Christian senior. Closely aligned with the principle of academic freedom, intellectual diversity is a foundational value putatively espoused by most if not all colleges and universities in the US. Although studies have consistently shown a professorate that is overwhelmingly Democratic and ideologically left-of-center, many scholars deny that any systematic bias exists. Research has shown a correlation between commitment to Christian/conservative values and perception of professor bias. Using hierarchical generalized linear modeling (HGLM) on a subset of the nationally representative sample (N = 2,789) of "very high" institutions, this current study found corroborative evidence that socially conservative Christian students were disproportionately "dissatisfied" or "very dissatisfied" with their institutions' respect for the expression of diverse beliefs. Generalized findings suggest that systematic bias vis-à-vis the expression of diverse beliefs exists at elite U.S. colleges. The discussion begins by situating intellectual diversity within its historical and contemporary contexts.
Descriptors: College Students, Student Attitudes, Selective Admission, Christianity, Political Attitudes, Academic Freedom, College Faculty, Social Bias, Correlation, Teacher Attitudes, Educational History, African American Students, Religious Cultural Groups, Jews, Asian Americans, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A