ERIC Number: EJ1093847
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Leveraging Mobile Technology in a School-Based Participatory Asthma Intervention: Findings from the Student Media-Based Asthma Research Team (SMART) Study
Warren, Christopher M.; Dyer, Ashley; Blumenstock, Jesse; Gupta, Ruchi S.
American Journal of Health Education, v47 n2 p59-70 2016
Background: Asthma places a heavy burden on Chicago's schoolchildren, particularly in low-income, minority communities. Recently, our group developed a 10-week afterschool program, the Student Asthma Research Team (START), which successfully engaged high school youth in a Photovoice investigation of factors impacting their asthma at school and in their community. Purpose: The present Student Media-Based Asthma Research Team (SMART) intervention adapted START to target middle school students with asthma during the school day. The 13-week SMART intervention leverages recent trends in mobile technology and the power of participatory media to improve student asthma self-management and outcomes, while enhancing asthma knowledge and support at the school and community levels through a student-led participatory media-based campaign. Methods: To assess the effectiveness of SMART, pre/postintervention data were collected from student participants, their caregivers, and their classmates. Results: Pre/post assessments identified significant increases in participant asthma knowledge (z = - 2.83; P < 0.05), self-efficacy (z = 2.00; P < 0.05), control (z = 2.01; P < 0.05), lung function (z = -3.41; P < 0.01), and empowerment (z = 2.00; P < 0.05). Participants also produced 4 educational videos. Through dissemination of these videos, peer (z = -2.72; P < 0.01) and parental asthma knowledge (z = -2.64; P < 0.05) increased. Parental asthma caregiver-related quality of life (z = 2.83; P < 0.01) also improved. Translation to Health Education Practice: Future health education work should consider leveraging ongoing advances in mobile technology and adopting a participatory media-based approach.
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Telecommunications, Diseases, Health Promotion, Teamwork, After School Programs, Student Research, High School Students, Photography, Child Health, Middle School Students, Health Behavior, Pretests Posttests, Student Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Knowledge Level, Student Empowerment, Program Effectiveness, Self Management, Video Technology, Quality of Life, Intervention, Statistical Analysis, Grade 7, Grade 8, Questionnaires, Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; Grade 7; Elementary Education; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A