ERIC Number: EJ1093816
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
A Spectrum of Support: Current and Best Practices for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) at Community Colleges
Brown, Kirsten R.; Coomes, Michael D.
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, v40 n6 p465-479 2016
More than 50% of all college students with a disability enroll in public 2-year institutions. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a type of disability that affects a growing number of students in postsecondary education. Currently, over 70% of 2-year public institutions enroll students with ASD. In spite of increased awareness, the vast majority of existing ASD research focused on primary and secondary education. Research on practices that support students with disabilities in the community college environment is imperative for promoting student success. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to explore current and best practices that support students with ASD at 2-year public, postsecondary institutions. A web-based tool was used to survey a nationally representative sample of disability service professionals from 367 2-year, public institutions (35.4% response rate). Our results show reasonable accommodations with an academic focus (e.g., extended exam time) were provided more frequently than sensory accommodations. General support services that focused on the transition to college were offered by 42% of the institutions surveyed, and 26% of institutions supplied ASD-specific services. These results indicated that many institutions provide students with a baseline level of academic accommodations; however, accommodations and support services that specifically target the functional limitations of ASD are offered less frequently. Best practices for supporting students with ASD were synthesized and implications for practice were discussed.
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Models, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Best Practices, College Students, Disabilities, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Access to Education, Two Year Colleges, Two Year College Students, Mixed Methods Research, Postsecondary Education, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Intervention, Civil Rights Legislation, Online Surveys
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; Rehabilitation Act 1973 (Section 504)