NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1093681
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Tobacco Use Experimentation, Physical Activity, and Risk of Depression among Multiethnic Urban Preadolescents
Stanton, Cassandra A.; Highland, Krista B.; Tercyak, Kenneth P.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v36 n3 p372-387 Apr 2016
Children with low socioeconomic status and ethnic minorities experience disproportionate risk of elevated depressive symptoms. This study examines the effects of risk/protective factors for depressive symptoms among multiethnic urban preadolescents. Eighth graders (N = 463; 34% African American, 29% Hispanic, 17% White, and 20% Other/Mixed; 23% born outside of the United States) completed surveys at two urban public middle schools serving low-income neighborhoods. A linear regression model examined independent and interacting effects of gender, smoking experimentation, and physical activity on depressive symptoms. Female gender and lower physical activity were independently associated with increased depressive symptoms. A significant Gender × Smoking × Physical activity interaction indicated that physical activity was protective against depressive symptoms for girls who experimented with smoking and boys who had never smoked. Future research is needed to evaluate whether physical activity promotion is an effective health promotion target that both deters cigarette smoking and reduces depression risk among ethnically diverse preadolescents.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Grant or Contract Numbers: K07CA091831; P30CA051008