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ERIC Number: EJ1093638
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
ISSN: ISSN-0313-7155
Examining the Gender Identity of Language Teachers Using a Masculinity-Femininity Scale: A Case from Iran
Pishghadam, Reza; Saboori, Fahime; Samavarchi, Laila; Hassanzadeh, Tahereh
Issues in Educational Research, v26 n1 p131-146 2016
The present study pursued two goals: first, to construct and validate a masculinity/femininity scale (MFS); and second, to reveal and compare the dominant gender identity of English, Arabic, and Persian teachers. Regarding the first goal, a 30- item gender identity scale was designed and, using the data collected from 300 junior high school students, its construct validity was substantiated through Structural Equation Modeling. As for the second goal, an additional 623 students rated their 130 teachers. The whole data was then analysed using Chi-square testing. The findings were indicative of the dominant femininity of English teachers and masculinity of Arabic and Persian teachers. Also, based on the results, English teachers were found to be more feminine and less masculine than Arabic and Persian teachers. Finally, statistical results were discussed, and implications were provided for language teaching in the formal context of education.
Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Inc. 5/202 Coode Street, Como, Western Australia 6152, Australia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Personal Attributes Questionnaire; Bem Sex Role Inventory