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ERIC Number: EJ1093577
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0958-8221
The Effects of Computer-Mediated Synchronous and Asynchronous Direct Corrective Feedback on Writing: A Case Study
Shintani, Natsuko
Computer Assisted Language Learning, v29 n3 p517-538 2016
This case study investigated the characteristics of computer-mediated synchronous corrective feedback (SCF, provided while students wrote) and asynchronous corrective feedback (ACF, provided after students had finished writing) in an EFL writing task. The task, designed to elicit the use of the hypothetical conditional, was completed by two Japanese university students in either the SCF or ACF condition. The writing process was video-recorded using the screen-capture function. An interview involving stimulated recall was conducted immediately after the writing session to investigate the two writers' perceptions about the feedback they received. The main findings were that (1) SCF created an interactive writing process similar in some respects to oral corrective feedback; (2) both the SCF and ACF promoted noticing-the-gap, but self-correction was more successful in the SCF condition; (3) focus on meaning and form took place contiguously in the SCF condition while it occurred separately in the ACF condition; and (4) both types of feedback facilitated metalinguistic understanding of the target feature, reflecting the unique features of writing (i.e., its slow pace, its permanency and the need of accuracy). These differences were confirmed by analyzing compositions written by 15 similar learners who received either type of feedback.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A