ERIC Number: EJ1093308
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Using Automated Scores of Student Essays to Support Teacher Guidance in Classroom Inquiry
Gerard, Libby F.; Linn, Marcia C.
Journal of Science Teacher Education, v27 n1 p111-129 Feb 2016
Computer scoring of student written essays about an inquiry topic can be used to diagnose student progress both to alert teachers to struggling students and to generate automated guidance. We identify promising ways for teachers to add value to automated guidance to improve student learning. Three teachers from two schools and their 386 students participated. We draw on evidence from student progress, observations of how teachers interact with students, and reactions of teachers. The findings suggest that alerts for teachers prompted rich teacher-student conversations about energy in photosynthesis. In one school, the combination of the automated guidance plus teacher guidance was more effective for student science learning than two rounds of personalized, automated guidance. In the other school, both approaches resulted in equal learning gains. These findings suggest optimal combinations of automated guidance and teacher guidance to support students to revise explanations during inquiry and build integrated understanding of science.
Descriptors: Scores, Automation, Essays, Classroom Techniques, Inquiry, Botany, Science Education, Observation, Interaction Process Analysis, Teacher Student Relationship, Teacher Response, Test Scoring Machines, Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods, Computer Managed Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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