ERIC Number: EJ1093184
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
Initiation and Generalization of Self-Instructional Skills in Adolescents with Autism and Intellectual Disability
Smith, Katherine A.; Ayres, Kevin A.; Alexander, Jennifer; Ledford, Jennifer R.; Shepley, Collin; Shepley, Sally B.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1196-1209 Apr 2016
Self-instruction using videos or other supports on a mobile device is a pivotal skill and can increase independence for individuals with disabilities by decreasing a need for adult supports. This study evaluated the effects of progressive time delay (PTD) to teach four adolescents with autism and intellectual disability how to initiate self-instruction in the presence of a task direction for an untrained task. Participants were screened for imitating video models prior to the study and were taught to navigate to videos on an iPhone® in history training. A multiple probe design across settings embedded in a multiple probe design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of PTD on initiation of self-instruction. All participants learned to self-instruct. Two participants generalized self-instruction to two novel settings. Two participants required instruction in two settings before generalizing to the third. Three participants generalized self-instruction in the presence of a task direction from the researcher to a task direction from their classroom teacher in all three settings. One participant generalized to a task direction presented by the classroom teacher in one setting, but not in the other two. All participants maintained self-instruction behaviors assessed 1 week after all participants met criteria in all settings. Self-instruction using videos or other supports on a mobile device is a pivotal skill and can increase independence for individuals with disabilities by decreasing a need for adult supports.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Independent Study, Study Skills, Adolescents, Intellectual Disability, Generalization, Video Technology, Modeling (Psychology), Handheld Devices, Telecommunications
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A