ERIC Number: EJ1093182
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Supporting the Spectrum Hypothesis: Self-Reported Temperament in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism
Burrows, Catherine A.; Usher, Lauren V.; Schwartz, Caley B.; Mundy, Peter C.; Henderson, Heather A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1184-1195 Apr 2016
This study tested the "spectrum hypothesis," which posits that children and adolescents with high functioning autism (HFA) differ "quantitatively" but not "qualitatively" from typically developing peers on self-reported temperament. Temperament refers to early-appearing, relatively stable behavioral and emotional tendencies, which relate to maladaptive behaviors across clinical populations. Quantitatively, participants with HFA (N = 104, aged 10-16) self-reported less surgency and more negative affect but did not differ from comparison participants (N = 94, aged 10-16) on effortful control or affiliation. Qualitatively, groups demonstrated comparable reliability of self-reported temperament and associations between temperament and parent-reported behavior problems. These findings support the "spectrum hypothesis," highlighting the utility of self-report temperament measures for understanding individual differences in comorbid behavior problems among children and adolescents with HFA.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Personality, Measurement Techniques, Children, Adolescents, Mixed Methods Research, Comparative Analysis, Reliability, Behavior Problems, Parents, Hypothesis Testing, Personality Measures, Comorbidity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A