ERIC Number: EJ1093181
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
Are Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Initially Attuned to Object Function Rather than Shape for Word Learning?
Field, Charlotte; Allen, Melissa L.; Lewis, Charlie
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1210-1219 Apr 2016
We investigate the function bias--generalising words to objects with the same function--in typically developing (TD) children, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with other developmental disorders. Across four trials, a novel object was named and its function was described and demonstrated. Children then selected the other referent from a shape match (same shape, different function) and function match (same function, different shape) object. TD children and children with ASD were "function biased", although further investigation established that having a higher VMA facilitated function bias understanding in TD children, but having a "lower" VMA facilitated function bias understanding in children with ASD. This suggests that children with ASD are initially attuned to object function, not shape.
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Vocabulary Development, Bias, Generalization, Child Language, Developmental Disabilities, Mental Age
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A