NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1093163
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1474-9041
Postcolonial Teacher Education Reform in Namibia: Travelling of Policies and Ideas
Arreman, Inger Erixon; Erixon, Per-Olof; Rehn, Karl-Gunnar
European Educational Research Journal, v15 n2 p236-259 Mar 2016
Long before Namibia's independence in 1990, Sweden initiated a policy dialogue with Namibia's future political leadership. This article reviews the impact of an educational reform in Namibia in the early 1990s called the Integrated Teacher Training Programme (ITTP), which was an outcome of collaboration between the South West African People's Organisation (SWAPO), the liberation movement and teacher educators from Sweden and other Western countries. Research questions posed concerned: (1) the ITTP's perceived impact on the participants' private and professional lives; and (2) the ITTP's impact on the participants' views on knowledge and education in relation to democracy. A combination of individual interviews and questionnaires was administered "in situ" in 2009 in Namibia to 17 former ITTP students who were living in various places across Namibia. This follow-up study indicates that the ITTP was crucial for the participants' professional careers and private lives. The majority saw education as a key to democracy and social transformation, and considered themselves as important actors at local, regional and national levels in forwarding these aims. However, it is concluded that, while the learner-centred education philosophy initially had a strong impact, its application in teacher education has functioned more than anything as a rhetorical device for nation-building.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Namibia; Sweden
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A