ERIC Number: EJ1093147
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Brief Report: Reduced Prioritization of Facial Threat in Adults with Autism
Sasson, Noah J.; Shasteen, Jonathon R.; Pinkham, Amy E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1471-1476 Apr 2016
Typically-developing (TD) adults detect angry faces more efficiently within a crowd than non-threatening faces. Prior studies of this social threat superiority effect (TSE) in ASD using tasks consisting of schematic faces and homogeneous crowds have produced mixed results. Here, we employ a more ecologically-valid test of the social TSE and find evidence of a reduced social TSE in adults with ASD (n = 21) relative to TD controls (n = 28). Unlike TD participants, the ASD group failed to show the normative advantage for detecting angry faces faster than happy faces, either within crowds of neutral or emotional faces. These findings parallel prior work indicating a reduced sensitivity in ASD to facial cues of untrustworthiness, and may reflect a vulnerability for evaluating social harm.
Descriptors: Autism, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nonverbal Communication, Social Influences, Comparative Analysis, Emotional Response, Interpersonal Competence
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A