ERIC Number: EJ1093139
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
Bimodal Virtual Reality Stroop for Assessing Distractor Inhibition in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Parsons, Thomas D.; Carlew, Anne R.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1255-1267 Apr 2016
Executive functioning deficits found in college students with ASD may have debilitating effects on their everyday activities. Although laboratory studies tend to report unimpaired inhibition in autism, studies of resistance to distractor inhibition reveal difficulties. In two studies, we compared a Virtual Classroom task with paper-and-pencil and computerized Stroop modalities in typically developing individuals and individuals with ASD. While significant differences were not observed between ASD and neurotypical groups on the paper-and-pencil and computerized task, individuals with ASD performed significantly worse on the virtual task with distractors. Findings suggest the potential of the Virtual Classroom Bimodal Stroop task to distinguish between prepotent response inhibition (non-distraction condition) and resistance to distractor inhibition (distraction condition) in adults with high functioning autism.
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Color, Reaction Time, Visual Stimuli, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, College Students, Executive Function, Comparative Analysis, Inhibition, Responses, Simulated Environment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stroop Color Word Test