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ERIC Number: EJ1093134
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children Adopted after Early Care Breakdown
Green, Jonathan; Leadbitter, Kathy; Kay, Catherine; Sharma, Kishan
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n4 p1392-1402 Apr 2016
Syndromic autism has been described in children adopted after orphanage rearing. We investigated whether the same existed in children adopted after family breakdown. Families of 54/60 adopted children aged 6-11 years (mean 102 months; SD 20; 45% male) returned screening questionnaires for autism spectrum disorder (ASD); 21/54 (39%) screened positive. Detailed in-person phenotyping of screen positive cases showed ASD in 6/54 (11%), Broad ASD (sub threshold traits) in 10/54 (18.5%); 5/54 (9%) screened false positive. The ASD group showed impairments across both social communication and restrictive repetitive behaviour domains, Broad ASD was more mixed. These rates, much higher than population prevalence, are comparable with institutionalised samples. There are implications for developmental science, and assessment, treatment and policy for adopted children.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A