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ERIC Number: EJ1092638
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1059-7107
Virtual vs. Concrete Manipulatives in Mathematics Teacher Education: Is One Type More Effective than the Other?
Hunt, Annita W.; Nipper, Kelli L.; Nash, Linda E.
Current Issues in Middle Level Education, v16 n2 p1-6 2011
Are virtual manipulatives as effective as concrete (hands-on) manipulatives in building conceptual understanding of number concepts and relationships in pre-service middle grades teachers? In the past, the use of concrete manipulatives in mathematics courses for Clayton State University's pre-service middle grades teachers has been effective in building conceptual understanding of a variety of mathematical topics. This paper presents the results of a three-year study in which 78 middle grades mathematics teacher candidates used various concrete and virtual manipulatives to study fractions, integers and nondecimal-based numbers. They then compared each type of manipulative for ease of use and helpfulness in understanding the concepts addressed.
National Association of Professors of Middle Level Education. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A