ERIC Number: EJ1092560
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
A Multination Study of Socioeconomic Inequality in Expectations for Progression to Higher Education: The Role of Between-School Tracking and Ability Stratification
Parker, Philip D.; Jerrim, John; Schoon, Ingrid; Marsh, Herbert W.
American Educational Research Journal, v53 n1 p6-32 Feb 2016
Persistent inequalities in educational expectations across societies are a growing concern. Recent research has explored the extent to which inequalities in education are due to primary effects (i.e., achievement differentials) versus secondary effects (i.e., choice behaviors net of achievement). We explore educational expectations in order to consider whether variations in primary and secondary effects are associated with country variation in curricular and ability stratification. We use evidence from the PISA 2003 database to test the hypothesis that (a) greater between-school academic stratification would be associated with stronger relationships between socioeconomic status and educational expectations and (b) when this effect is decomposed, achievement differentials would explain a greater proportion of this relationship in countries with greater stratification. Results supported these hypotheses.
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Cross Cultural Studies, Correlation, Databases, Achievement Tests, Academic Achievement, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Expectation, Equal Education, Hypothesis Testing, Academic Ability, Higher Education, Academic Aspiration, Track System (Education), Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment